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Rays deutsch

rays deutsch

Übersetzung im Kontext von „the rays“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: the x-rays, the light rays, the sun's rays. Übersetzung für 'rays' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für ray im Online-Wörterbuch konya-eregli.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch).

This is called hardening the beam since it shifts the center of the spectrum towards higher energy or harder x-rays. To generate an image of the cardiovascular system , including the arteries and veins angiography an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest.

A second image is then taken of the same region after an iodinated contrast agent has been injected into the blood vessels within this area.

These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels.

The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine whether there is any damage or blockage of the vessel.

Computed tomography CT scanning is a medical imaging modality where tomographic images or slices of specific areas of the body are obtained from a large series of two-dimensional X-ray images taken in different directions.

Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique commonly used by physicians or radiation therapists to obtain real-time moving images of the internal structures of a patient through the use of a fluoroscope.

In its simplest form, a fluoroscope consists of an X-ray source and a fluorescent screen, between which a patient is placed. However, modern fluoroscopes couple the screen to an X-ray image intensifier and CCD video camera allowing the images to be recorded and played on a monitor.

This method may use a contrast material. Examples include cardiac catheterization to examine for coronary artery blockages and barium swallow to examine for esophageal disorders and swallowing disorders.

The use of X-rays as a treatment is known as radiation therapy and is largely used for the management including palliation of cancer ; it requires higher radiation doses than those received for imaging alone.

X-rays beams are used for treating skin cancers using lower energy x-ray beams while higher energy beams are used for treating cancers within the body such as brain, lung, prostate, and breast.

Diagnostic X-rays primarily from CT scans due to the large dose used increase the risk of developmental problems and cancer in those exposed.

Experimental and epidemiological data currently do not support the proposition that there is a threshold dose of radiation below which there is no increased risk of cancer.

To place the increased risk in perspective, a plain chest X-ray will expose a person to the same amount from background radiation that people are exposed to depending upon location every day over 10 days, while exposure from a dental X-ray is approximately equivalent to 1 day of environmental background radiation.

An abdominal or chest CT would be the equivalent to 2—3 years of background radiation to the whole body, or 4—5 years to the abdomen or chest, increasing the lifetime cancer risk between 1 per 1, to 1 per 10, The risk of radiation is greater to a fetus, so in pregnant patients, the benefits of the investigation X-ray should be balanced with the potential hazards to the fetus.

Medical X-rays are a significant source of man-made radiation exposure. By , however, medical procedures in the United States were contributing much more ionizing radiation than was the case in the early s.

In , medical exposure constituted nearly half of the total radiation exposure of the U. The increase is traceable to the growth in the use of medical imaging procedures, in particular computed tomography CT , and to the growth in the use of nuclear medicine.

Dosage due to dental X-rays varies significantly depending on the procedure and the technology film or digital.

Depending on the procedure and the technology, a single dental X-ray of a human results in an exposure of 0.

A full mouth series of X-rays may result in an exposure of up to 6 digital to 18 film mrem, for a yearly average of up to 40 mrem.

Financial incentives have been shown to have a significant impact on X-ray use with doctors who are paid a separate fee for each X-ray providing more X-rays.

X-ray crystallography in which the pattern produced by the diffraction of X-rays through the closely spaced lattice of atoms in a crystal is recorded and then analysed to reveal the nature of that lattice.

In the early s, experiments were done in which layers a few atoms thick of two different materials were deposited in a Thue-Morse sequence.

The resulting object was found to yield X-ray diffraction patterns. X-ray microscopic analysis, which uses electromagnetic radiation in the soft X-ray band to produce images of very small objects.

X-ray fluorescence , a technique in which X-rays are generated within a specimen and detected. The outgoing energy of the X-ray can be used to identify the composition of the sample.

Industrial radiography uses X-rays for inspection of industrial parts, particularly welds. Authentication and quality control, X-ray is used for authentication and quality control of packaged items.

Industrial CT computed tomography is a process which uses X-ray equipment to produce three-dimensional representations of components both externally and internally.

This is accomplished through computer processing of projection images of the scanned object in many directions. Paintings are often X-rayed to reveal underdrawings and pentimenti , alterations in the course of painting or by later restorers.

Many pigments such as lead white show well in radiographs. X-ray spectromicroscopy has been used to analyse the reactions of pigments in paintings.

For example, in analysing colour degradation in the paintings of van Gogh [] Airport security luggage scanners use X-rays for inspecting the interior of luggage for security threats before loading on aircraft.

Border control truck scanners use X-rays for inspecting the interior of trucks. Roentgen stereophotogrammetry is used to track movement of bones based on the implantation of markers X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is a chemical analysis technique relying on the photoelectric effect , usually employed in surface science.

Radiation implosion is the use of high energy X-rays generated from a fission explosion an A-bomb to compress nuclear fuel to the point of fusion ignition an H-bomb.

While generally considered invisible to the human eye, in special circumstances X-rays can be visible. Later he realized that the tube which had created the effect was the only one powerful enough to make the glow plainly visible and the experiment was thereafter readily repeatable.

The knowledge that X-rays are actually faintly visible to the dark-adapted naked eye has largely been forgotten today; this is probably due to the desire not to repeat what would now be seen as a recklessly dangerous and potentially harmful experiment with ionizing radiation.

It is not known what exact mechanism in the eye produces the visibility: Though X-rays are otherwise invisible, it is possible to see the ionization of the air molecules if the intensity of the X-ray beam is high enough.

The beamline from the wiggler at the ID11 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is one example of such high intensity.

The measure of X-rays ionizing ability is called the exposure:. However, the effect of ionizing radiation on matter especially living tissue is more closely related to the amount of energy deposited into them rather than the charge generated.

This measure of energy absorbed is called the absorbed dose:. The equivalent dose is the measure of the biological effect of radiation on human tissue.

For X-rays it is equal to the absorbed dose. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the nature, production, and uses of the radiation.

For the method of imaging, see Radiography. For imaging in a medical context, see Radiology. For other meanings, see X-ray disambiguation.

Not to be confused with X-wave or X-band. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Medical portal Physics portal. Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved November 7, Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed.

Subscription or UK public library membership required. The Discharge of Electricity through Gasses. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.

Archived from the original on Nikola Tesla and the discovery of X-rays". Hydroenergy and Its Energy Potential. Patent , , "Incandescent Electric Light", and U.

Patent , "System of Electric Lighting". These differed from other X-ray tubes in having no target electrode and worked with the output of a Tesla Coil.

Retrieved 24 November Roentgen and the discovery of x-rays". Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 5 May How the World Discovered the X-Ray".

Retrieved 27 April Canadian Journal of Communication. Photography, X-Rays, and the Victorian Imagination". Archived from the original on September 28, American Journal of Roentgenology.

Forensic Views of the Body. The South in the Building of the Nation: Understanding Ionizing Radiation and Protection. A tribute and current perception".

Jacob Fleischman in entry for Elizabeth Aschheim. Citing funeral home J. San Francisco Public Library. San Francisco History and Archive Center.

Retrieved February 23, Sunday Times Perth, WA: Soft X-rays and extreme ultraviolet radiation. Physics for Diagnostic Radiology. The Rays have worn their own uniforms for Turn Back the Clock night only once: For Turn Back the Clock night during the , , and seasons, the Rays took the field wearing specially designed Tampa Bay Rays "faux-back" uniforms that represented what the team might have worn had the franchise existed during the late s and early 80s.

For example, the Houston Astros wore their s "Rainbow Guts" uniforms, the New York Mets wore the road uniforms of their championship team, [38] the Chicago White Sox wore their red and white home uniforms from the s, and the Baltimore Orioles wore their rare all-orange uniforms from the early s.

Pete Saints uniforms from the early s, and the Los Angeles Dodgers wore the gray road uniforms of the World Series-winning Brooklyn Dodgers to honor Don Zimmer , who played on that Dodger team and was a senior adviser for the Rays prior to his death.

Rays management also gave away a bobblehead at the game featuring a young Zimmer in a Dodgers uniform and an older Zimmer in a Devil Rays uniform.

Rich Herrera served as the host during pre- and post-game shows for the Tampa Rays Baseball Radio Network from — Slowes went to the Washington Nationals , where he is now lead announcer, while Olden pursued a photography career before replacing Bob Sheppard as the public address announcer at Yankee Stadium in In , the Rays became the second team to enter into a contract to have games broadcast nationally by Compass Media Networks in a Game of the Week format.

The broadcast team utilized during the season was TJ Rives calling play-by-play and a rotating circuit of analysts in Rob Dibble , Jeff Nelson , and Steve Phillips.

However, after the season, Fox Sports signed an agreement to become the exclusive local broadcaster of the Rays, and will air games per year through Most Rays home games are now broadcast in HD.

Magrane departed after conclusion of the season to take a position at the MLB Network. Bobbleheads This year the Rays released several bobbleheads.

On April 24 the Rays released the famous "Joe Gnome" bobblehead. May 24—26 saw the release of the Fernando Rodney bobblehead in his famous shooting-the-arrow position.

On July 6 the team released the Evan Longoria retro bobblehead. Bobbleheads The first bobblehead released was Kyle Farnsworth on May June 3 saw the release of a Desmond Jennings Bobblehead.

Coach Joe Maddon saw his bobblehead released on June On June 29 the Rays released the whimsical Zim Bear. Although this was not a bobblehead, the likeness of long-time coach Don Zimmer proved to be a fan favorite.

The last bobblehead was Matt Joyce on September It is based on the true story of pitcher Jim Morris , who had a brief but famous Major League Baseball career with the team.

He was persuaded to try out for professional ballclubs and signed with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays organization. Jim Morris spent parts of two seasons with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays as a reliever, pitching 15 innings in 21 games, with an earned run average of 4.

Although widespread support has been slow to build with the lack of success in its first ten seasons, it has taken some cues from the powerhouses of the American League East.

Whereas Red Sox fans are referred to as Red Sox Nation , the Orioles fan base is referred to Birdland, and Yankee fans are referred to as Yankees Universe and the team itself being called the " Evil Empire " , the Rays have adopted the term Rays Republic for their fan base.

The team has also had its fair share of notable fans and outrageous fan traditions over the years. Since then, it has become a standard feature of home games, something akin to the Sacramento Kings of the NBA and the bells their fans ring during games.

Road teams have often considered the cowbell a nuisance. Once a year the Rays hold an annual "cowbell night" and give away free cowbells.

Cowbells are available for purchase throughout the year as well. The cowbells are rung most prominently when the opposing batter has two strikes, when the opposing fans try to chant, and when the Rays make a good play.

A large anthropomorphic cat, wearing a Rays jersey, appears on the screen wielding a turntable similar to those used by rap DJs.

Loud music is played over the PA system while the arrival of the DJ Kitty is proclaimed on display boards throughout the ballpark.

The character was created in by Rays entertainment director Lou Costanza in an attempt to rally the Rays players and the fans at Tropicana Field.

Rays games are frequently visited by professional wrestlers , as there are a large number of wrestlers living in the Tampa Bay Area.

John Cena appears on occasion. The Rays held a "Legends of Wrestling Night" on May 18, , featuring several wrestling matches after the game, an 8—4 loss to the Florida Marlins.

Outfielder and wrestling fan Jonny Gomes ran interference for the Nasty Boys during the main event. Gomes participated again, this time making a post-match save for the Nasty Boys.

During the playoffs, Rays players and coaches sport mohawk haircuts. The trend started during their World Series run. The phrase was originally created by manager Joe Maddon while riding his bike after the season.

The meaning of the phrase was that if nine players play nine innings of hard baseball everyday, that team would become one of the eight teams who qualify for the post-season.

Prior to season, the Rays had never had a winning season in franchise history, much less a post-season appearance. After a slow start to the season, the Rays began to pick up speed and found themselves among the best teams in the league that year.

His idea to put the slogan on the back of the shirt, rather than the front, was that a person who was walking behind someone wearing the shirt would see it.

The Rays played well enough throughout the year that they surpassed their previous team record for wins in a single season by more than 30 wins and ultimately clinched a spot in the MLB post-season for their first postseason appearance in franchise history.

With each level the Rays reached, the equation was changed. In the end, they did not win the World Series , losing to the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one.

He wanted the players to understand that "in order to build this new road we have to be better than we were last year.

Though they finished the season in 3rd place with an 84—78 record, making it the second best season in franchise history, they failed to reach the post-season.

For the season , another slogan was created. Unlike the previous two seasons, this slogan did not involve any sort of math.

Historically, the team had a habit of stranding runners on third base with less than two outs. In practices during the season, the Rays would run the "get-the-man-in drill" to improve situational hitting.

The Tampa Bay Rays have retired three numbers. These numbers are displayed to the left of the center field scoreboard and "K Counter" on a small wall.

Opening Day payrolls for man roster since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Navy blue, light blue, yellow, white [1] [2].

Tropicana Field —present. History of the Tampa Bay Rays. Mathematics A straight line extending from a point. A structure or part having the form of a straight line extending from a point, such as: Any of the bright streaks that are seen radiating from some craters on the moon.

A ray flower or the strap-shaped portion of the corolla of a ray flower. To send out as rays; emit. Any of various cartilaginous fishes of the superorder Batoidea, having ventral gill slits, enlarged pelvic fins that are fused to the sides of the head, and a flattened body, and including the stingrays, skates, and guitarfishes.

Any of various members of this superorder having a whiplike tail usually with a stinging spine, such as a stingray, considered in contrast to a guitarfish, sawfish, or skate.

General Physics a thin beam of electromagnetic radiation or particles. Zoology any of the bony or cartilaginous spines of the fin of a fish that form the support for the soft part of the fin.

Zoology any of the arms or branches of a starfish or other radiate animal. Astronomy astronomy any of a number of bright streaks that radiate from the youngest lunar craters, such as Tycho; they are composed of crater ejecta not yet darkened, and extend considerable distances.

Botany botany any strand of tissue that runs radially through the vascular tissue of some higher plants.

Gibt den Winkel für die Strahlen an. Der Eintrag wurde im Forum gespeichert. Durch die Rückwärtsberechnung müssen nur die Lichtstrahlen verarbeitet werden, die fussball österreich zur Kamera gelangen. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Strahlungen ansehen 11 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Strahlen oder Sterne, gerendert werden, indem Sie sie aktivieren oder blitzkrieg 3 trainer. Oder lernst du lieber neue Wörter? Für diese Quest müssen fünf Ätherrochen gefangen und neu.de erfahrungsberichte Himmelswache Khatie gebracht werden. Sie können sowohl positive düsseldorf fc auch negative Werte eingeben, mit denen sich die Strahlen wann gewann dortmund die champions league der Animation im bzw. The image with 10, rays can take some time to render. English You look at your X- rays on a screen and you do stuff with them, you email them. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch ray. Strahlen von Objekten blockiert werden. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch a ray of sunlight. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch X-ray analysis , image , machine , room , technician. Suche and catching some rays in: Strahlung in elektrische Energie. Ich will nur frische Luft schnappen. Hochauflösende Bildplatte für Aufnahmen mit ionisierenden Strahlen. Definiert den Verlauf für die Strahlen. Die wichtigste Anforderung an Sonnenschutzmittel ist, dass sie in ihrer Verwendung durch den Verbraucher sicher sind und die angegebenen Wirkungen erfüllen. Auto Rotate also ensures that the rays maintain their relative position to the flare as it is being animated.

Rays deutsch - criticism

Die wichtigste Anforderung an Sonnenschutzmittel ist, dass sie in ihrer Verwendung durch den Verbraucher sicher sind und die angegebenen Wirkungen erfüllen.. Röntgen nt kein pl. Beispiele für die Übersetzung die Sonnenstrahlen ansehen 5 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Es sei denn, er trug eine Brille, die die Wirkungen der Strahlen abwehrte. Beispiele, die Laserstrahlen enthalten, ansehen 21 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Strahlung in elektrische Energie.

This is likely to be the result of recombination of electrical charges produced by triboelectric charging. The intensity of X-ray triboluminescence is sufficient for it to be used as a source for X-ray imaging.

X-rays can also be produced by fast protons or other positive ions. The proton-induced X-ray emission or particle-induced X-ray emission is widely used as an analytical procedure.

X-rays are also produced in lightning accompanying terrestrial gamma-ray flashes. The underlying mechanism is the acceleration of electrons in lightning related electric fields and the subsequent production of photons through Bremsstrahlung.

X-ray detectors vary in shape and function depending on their purpose. Imaging detectors such as those used for radiography were originally based on photographic plates and later photographic film , but are now mostly replaced by various digital detector types such as image plates and flat panel detectors.

For radiation protection direct exposure hazard is often evaluated using ionization chambers , while dosimeters are used to measure the radiation dose a person has been exposed to.

X-ray spectra can be measured either by energy dispersive or wavelength dispersive spectrometers. The first medical use was less than a month after his paper on the subject.

Projectional radiography is the practice of producing two-dimensional images using x-ray radiation. Bones contain much calcium , which due to its relatively high atomic number absorbs x-rays efficiently.

This reduces the amount of X-rays reaching the detector in the shadow of the bones, making them clearly visible on the radiograph.

The lungs and trapped gas also show up clearly because of lower absorption compared to tissue, while differences between tissue types are harder to see.

Projectional radiographs are useful in the detection of pathology of the skeletal system as well as for detecting some disease processes in soft tissue.

Some notable examples are the very common chest X-ray , which can be used to identify lung diseases such as pneumonia , lung cancer , or pulmonary edema , and the abdominal x-ray , which can detect bowel or intestinal obstruction , free air from visceral perforations and free fluid in ascites.

X-rays may also be used to detect pathology such as gallstones which are rarely radiopaque or kidney stones which are often but not always visible.

Traditional plain X-rays are less useful in the imaging of soft tissues such as the brain or muscle. One area where projectional radiographs are used extensively is in evaluating how an orthopedic implant , such as a knee, hip or shoulder replacement, is situated in the body with respect to the surrounding bone.

This technique purportedly negates projection errors associated with evaluating implant position from plain radiographs.

Dental radiography is commonly used in the diagnoses of common oral problems, such as cavities. In medical diagnostic applications, the low energy soft X-rays are unwanted, since they are totally absorbed by the body, increasing the radiation dose without contributing to the image.

Hence, a thin metal sheet, often of aluminium , called an X-ray filter , is usually placed over the window of the X-ray tube, absorbing the low energy part in the spectrum.

This is called hardening the beam since it shifts the center of the spectrum towards higher energy or harder x-rays. To generate an image of the cardiovascular system , including the arteries and veins angiography an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest.

A second image is then taken of the same region after an iodinated contrast agent has been injected into the blood vessels within this area.

These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels.

The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine whether there is any damage or blockage of the vessel.

Computed tomography CT scanning is a medical imaging modality where tomographic images or slices of specific areas of the body are obtained from a large series of two-dimensional X-ray images taken in different directions.

Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique commonly used by physicians or radiation therapists to obtain real-time moving images of the internal structures of a patient through the use of a fluoroscope.

In its simplest form, a fluoroscope consists of an X-ray source and a fluorescent screen, between which a patient is placed. However, modern fluoroscopes couple the screen to an X-ray image intensifier and CCD video camera allowing the images to be recorded and played on a monitor.

This method may use a contrast material. Examples include cardiac catheterization to examine for coronary artery blockages and barium swallow to examine for esophageal disorders and swallowing disorders.

The use of X-rays as a treatment is known as radiation therapy and is largely used for the management including palliation of cancer ; it requires higher radiation doses than those received for imaging alone.

X-rays beams are used for treating skin cancers using lower energy x-ray beams while higher energy beams are used for treating cancers within the body such as brain, lung, prostate, and breast.

Diagnostic X-rays primarily from CT scans due to the large dose used increase the risk of developmental problems and cancer in those exposed.

Experimental and epidemiological data currently do not support the proposition that there is a threshold dose of radiation below which there is no increased risk of cancer.

To place the increased risk in perspective, a plain chest X-ray will expose a person to the same amount from background radiation that people are exposed to depending upon location every day over 10 days, while exposure from a dental X-ray is approximately equivalent to 1 day of environmental background radiation.

An abdominal or chest CT would be the equivalent to 2—3 years of background radiation to the whole body, or 4—5 years to the abdomen or chest, increasing the lifetime cancer risk between 1 per 1, to 1 per 10, The risk of radiation is greater to a fetus, so in pregnant patients, the benefits of the investigation X-ray should be balanced with the potential hazards to the fetus.

Medical X-rays are a significant source of man-made radiation exposure. By , however, medical procedures in the United States were contributing much more ionizing radiation than was the case in the early s.

In , medical exposure constituted nearly half of the total radiation exposure of the U. The increase is traceable to the growth in the use of medical imaging procedures, in particular computed tomography CT , and to the growth in the use of nuclear medicine.

Dosage due to dental X-rays varies significantly depending on the procedure and the technology film or digital. Depending on the procedure and the technology, a single dental X-ray of a human results in an exposure of 0.

A full mouth series of X-rays may result in an exposure of up to 6 digital to 18 film mrem, for a yearly average of up to 40 mrem.

Financial incentives have been shown to have a significant impact on X-ray use with doctors who are paid a separate fee for each X-ray providing more X-rays.

X-ray crystallography in which the pattern produced by the diffraction of X-rays through the closely spaced lattice of atoms in a crystal is recorded and then analysed to reveal the nature of that lattice.

In the early s, experiments were done in which layers a few atoms thick of two different materials were deposited in a Thue-Morse sequence.

The resulting object was found to yield X-ray diffraction patterns. X-ray microscopic analysis, which uses electromagnetic radiation in the soft X-ray band to produce images of very small objects.

X-ray fluorescence , a technique in which X-rays are generated within a specimen and detected. The outgoing energy of the X-ray can be used to identify the composition of the sample.

Industrial radiography uses X-rays for inspection of industrial parts, particularly welds. Authentication and quality control, X-ray is used for authentication and quality control of packaged items.

Industrial CT computed tomography is a process which uses X-ray equipment to produce three-dimensional representations of components both externally and internally.

This is accomplished through computer processing of projection images of the scanned object in many directions. Paintings are often X-rayed to reveal underdrawings and pentimenti , alterations in the course of painting or by later restorers.

Many pigments such as lead white show well in radiographs. X-ray spectromicroscopy has been used to analyse the reactions of pigments in paintings.

For example, in analysing colour degradation in the paintings of van Gogh [] Airport security luggage scanners use X-rays for inspecting the interior of luggage for security threats before loading on aircraft.

Border control truck scanners use X-rays for inspecting the interior of trucks. Roentgen stereophotogrammetry is used to track movement of bones based on the implantation of markers X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is a chemical analysis technique relying on the photoelectric effect , usually employed in surface science.

Radiation implosion is the use of high energy X-rays generated from a fission explosion an A-bomb to compress nuclear fuel to the point of fusion ignition an H-bomb.

While generally considered invisible to the human eye, in special circumstances X-rays can be visible. Later he realized that the tube which had created the effect was the only one powerful enough to make the glow plainly visible and the experiment was thereafter readily repeatable.

The knowledge that X-rays are actually faintly visible to the dark-adapted naked eye has largely been forgotten today; this is probably due to the desire not to repeat what would now be seen as a recklessly dangerous and potentially harmful experiment with ionizing radiation.

It is not known what exact mechanism in the eye produces the visibility: Though X-rays are otherwise invisible, it is possible to see the ionization of the air molecules if the intensity of the X-ray beam is high enough.

The beamline from the wiggler at the ID11 at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is one example of such high intensity. The measure of X-rays ionizing ability is called the exposure:.

However, the effect of ionizing radiation on matter especially living tissue is more closely related to the amount of energy deposited into them rather than the charge generated.

This measure of energy absorbed is called the absorbed dose:. The equivalent dose is the measure of the biological effect of radiation on human tissue.

For X-rays it is equal to the absorbed dose. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the nature, production, and uses of the radiation.

For the method of imaging, see Radiography. For imaging in a medical context, see Radiology. For other meanings, see X-ray disambiguation.

Not to be confused with X-wave or X-band. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Medical portal Physics portal. Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved November 7, Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed.

Subscription or UK public library membership required. The Discharge of Electricity through Gasses. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.

Archived from the original on Nikola Tesla and the discovery of X-rays". Hydroenergy and Its Energy Potential.

Patent , , "Incandescent Electric Light", and U. Patent , "System of Electric Lighting". These differed from other X-ray tubes in having no target electrode and worked with the output of a Tesla Coil.

Retrieved 24 November Roentgen and the discovery of x-rays". Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 5 May How the World Discovered the X-Ray".

Retrieved 27 April Canadian Journal of Communication. Photography, X-Rays, and the Victorian Imagination". Archived from the original on September 28, American Journal of Roentgenology.

Forensic Views of the Body. The South in the Building of the Nation: Understanding Ionizing Radiation and Protection.

A tribute and current perception". Jacob Fleischman in entry for Elizabeth Aschheim. Citing funeral home J.

San Francisco Public Library. San Francisco History and Archive Center. Retrieved February 23, Sunday Times Perth, WA: Soft X-rays and extreme ultraviolet radiation.

Physics for Diagnostic Radiology. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis. Anthony; Leidholdt, Edwin M.

The essential physics of medical imaging. Archived from the original PDF on 23 April Essentials of Dental Radiography and Radiology. The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging.

Biomedical Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: Retrieved 2 February Journal of Geophysical Research: Plasma Sources Science and Technology. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics.

Of the 5 billion imaging investigations performed worldwide Orthopaedic Proceedings, Published 20 February White paper, Published Fundamentals of Computerized Tomography: Image Reconstruction from Projections 2nd ed.

Physics in Medicine and Biology. Archived from the original PDF on New England Journal of Medicine. Archived from the original on January 23, Journal of Health Economics.

A New Kind of Science. Retrieved 15 March X-ray diffraction by macromolecules. Advanced Applications in Industry and Defense, G.

During the and seasons, the Devil Rays added an alternate black jersey featuring the same rainbow text as the white and gray uniforms. In , the Devil Rays dropped the multicolor text and de-emphasized purple in favor of more green.

They also changed the font on their jersey tops and shortened the name on the home whites to read simply "Rays" while keeping "Tampa Bay" on the road grays.

In , the home uniforms were again tweaked to include still more green. The primary home whites became a sleeveless jersey worn with green sleeved undershirts, and the primary home caps were changed from black to green.

In addition, a small ray with a long tail was added under the name "Rays" on the chest of the home jerseys. The Rays staged a "Turn Back the Clock" promotion with a retro theme and throwback uniforms several times early in their existence, and it has become an annual tradition since On these special occasions, Rays have worn the uniforms of the Tampa Tarpons of the Florida State League in , , and , the St.

The Rays have worn their own uniforms for Turn Back the Clock night only once: For Turn Back the Clock night during the , , and seasons, the Rays took the field wearing specially designed Tampa Bay Rays "faux-back" uniforms that represented what the team might have worn had the franchise existed during the late s and early 80s.

For example, the Houston Astros wore their s "Rainbow Guts" uniforms, the New York Mets wore the road uniforms of their championship team, [38] the Chicago White Sox wore their red and white home uniforms from the s, and the Baltimore Orioles wore their rare all-orange uniforms from the early s.

Pete Saints uniforms from the early s, and the Los Angeles Dodgers wore the gray road uniforms of the World Series-winning Brooklyn Dodgers to honor Don Zimmer , who played on that Dodger team and was a senior adviser for the Rays prior to his death.

Rays management also gave away a bobblehead at the game featuring a young Zimmer in a Dodgers uniform and an older Zimmer in a Devil Rays uniform.

Rich Herrera served as the host during pre- and post-game shows for the Tampa Rays Baseball Radio Network from — Slowes went to the Washington Nationals , where he is now lead announcer, while Olden pursued a photography career before replacing Bob Sheppard as the public address announcer at Yankee Stadium in In , the Rays became the second team to enter into a contract to have games broadcast nationally by Compass Media Networks in a Game of the Week format.

The broadcast team utilized during the season was TJ Rives calling play-by-play and a rotating circuit of analysts in Rob Dibble , Jeff Nelson , and Steve Phillips.

However, after the season, Fox Sports signed an agreement to become the exclusive local broadcaster of the Rays, and will air games per year through Most Rays home games are now broadcast in HD.

Magrane departed after conclusion of the season to take a position at the MLB Network. Bobbleheads This year the Rays released several bobbleheads.

On April 24 the Rays released the famous "Joe Gnome" bobblehead. May 24—26 saw the release of the Fernando Rodney bobblehead in his famous shooting-the-arrow position.

On July 6 the team released the Evan Longoria retro bobblehead. Bobbleheads The first bobblehead released was Kyle Farnsworth on May June 3 saw the release of a Desmond Jennings Bobblehead.

Coach Joe Maddon saw his bobblehead released on June On June 29 the Rays released the whimsical Zim Bear. Although this was not a bobblehead, the likeness of long-time coach Don Zimmer proved to be a fan favorite.

The last bobblehead was Matt Joyce on September It is based on the true story of pitcher Jim Morris , who had a brief but famous Major League Baseball career with the team.

He was persuaded to try out for professional ballclubs and signed with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays organization. Jim Morris spent parts of two seasons with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays as a reliever, pitching 15 innings in 21 games, with an earned run average of 4.

Although widespread support has been slow to build with the lack of success in its first ten seasons, it has taken some cues from the powerhouses of the American League East.

Whereas Red Sox fans are referred to as Red Sox Nation , the Orioles fan base is referred to Birdland, and Yankee fans are referred to as Yankees Universe and the team itself being called the " Evil Empire " , the Rays have adopted the term Rays Republic for their fan base.

The team has also had its fair share of notable fans and outrageous fan traditions over the years. Since then, it has become a standard feature of home games, something akin to the Sacramento Kings of the NBA and the bells their fans ring during games.

Road teams have often considered the cowbell a nuisance. Once a year the Rays hold an annual "cowbell night" and give away free cowbells.

Cowbells are available for purchase throughout the year as well. The cowbells are rung most prominently when the opposing batter has two strikes, when the opposing fans try to chant, and when the Rays make a good play.

A large anthropomorphic cat, wearing a Rays jersey, appears on the screen wielding a turntable similar to those used by rap DJs.

Loud music is played over the PA system while the arrival of the DJ Kitty is proclaimed on display boards throughout the ballpark. The character was created in by Rays entertainment director Lou Costanza in an attempt to rally the Rays players and the fans at Tropicana Field.

Rays games are frequently visited by professional wrestlers , as there are a large number of wrestlers living in the Tampa Bay Area.

John Cena appears on occasion. The Rays held a "Legends of Wrestling Night" on May 18, , featuring several wrestling matches after the game, an 8—4 loss to the Florida Marlins.

Outfielder and wrestling fan Jonny Gomes ran interference for the Nasty Boys during the main event. Gomes participated again, this time making a post-match save for the Nasty Boys.

During the playoffs, Rays players and coaches sport mohawk haircuts. The trend started during their World Series run.

The phrase was originally created by manager Joe Maddon while riding his bike after the season. The meaning of the phrase was that if nine players play nine innings of hard baseball everyday, that team would become one of the eight teams who qualify for the post-season.

Prior to season, the Rays had never had a winning season in franchise history, much less a post-season appearance. After a slow start to the season, the Rays began to pick up speed and found themselves among the best teams in the league that year.

His idea to put the slogan on the back of the shirt, rather than the front, was that a person who was walking behind someone wearing the shirt would see it.

The Rays played well enough throughout the year that they surpassed their previous team record for wins in a single season by more than 30 wins and ultimately clinched a spot in the MLB post-season for their first postseason appearance in franchise history.

With each level the Rays reached, the equation was changed. In the end, they did not win the World Series , losing to the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one.

He wanted the players to understand that "in order to build this new road we have to be better than we were last year. Though they finished the season in 3rd place with an 84—78 record, making it the second best season in franchise history, they failed to reach the post-season.

For the season , another slogan was created. Unlike the previous two seasons, this slogan did not involve any sort of math.

Historically, the team had a habit of stranding runners on third base with less than two outs. In practices during the season, the Rays would run the "get-the-man-in drill" to improve situational hitting.

The Tampa Bay Rays have retired three numbers. These numbers are displayed to the left of the center field scoreboard and "K Counter" on a small wall.

Opening Day payrolls for man roster since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Navy blue, light blue, yellow, white [1] [2].

Tropicana Field —present. History of the Tampa Bay Rays. Baseball in the Tampa Bay area. List of Tampa Bay Rays seasons.

Rays Ballpark and Ybor Stadium. Tampa Bay Rays spring training roster v t e. List of Tampa Bay Rays minor league affiliates.

Tampa Bay Rays award winners and league leaders. Players and managers listed in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame plaques wearing a Devil Rays or Rays cap insignia.

Florida Sports Hall of Fame. Tampa Bay Rays team records. Rays introduce new name, new icon, new team colors and new uniforms" Press release.

Archived from the original on November 11, Retrieved February 8, Prominent among those items was the 20th anniversary logo that will appear on the left sleeve of all Rays regular-season jerseys and caps.

Retrieved September 12, The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, Fans as scarce as wins". Archived from the original on December 27, Miami Marlins against Tampa Bay Rays".

Retrieved September 30, Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Pete waterfront ballpark a no-go". New York Daily News. Rays owner discussed move to Montreal".

Retrieved December 12,

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